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Elements Of Theatre.

Theatre is a versatile art form accomplished and fulfilled with expressions of life. It has been one of the prominent performing art departments and a medium of communication for ages. We might have witnessed the magic of theatre as a spectator but as it is said that every art is a science in its own way, even this art form has its own science and technical characteristics which have made this artform flourish in a unique way. Today we shall be discussing these elements of theatre. There are multiple elements of theatre but there are some major general yet prominent elements that are constant in every theatre event and would fascinate any theatre enthusiast.


Performers are the people who present dramatic action on stage in front of the audience. They hold the strength to express the crux and the emotion and transcend the message in the minds of the spectators. They can be considered the face of the drama presentation and even if they are pretending to be a character but they are supposed to present the emotions and features of the character in the most genuine and honest way so that the audience feels and connects with the concept of drama.


The audience acts as a motivating source to every performer, especially in theatre there is an interaction between the audience and performers. There is no barrier to any screen and that is the most essential reason behind the functionality of theatre. The audience reacts, cries, and laughs along with the actors performing. The reciprocation of the audience is the main essence of the theatre.


The director is mainly considered the captain of the ship. From directing the performers about delivering the script on stage to managing the setting and all the aspects of the production. The director plays the most important role while putting up the show. The guidance of the director is considered one of the most important elements.

Theatre Space

Theatre space is another necessary element. It is a space that compiles a stage for performers as well as an area for spectators. The stage area or a space equivalent to it is essential for the performance. The division of the space represents different emotions altogether.

Design Aspects

The design aspects are the elements that transmit the story and boost the performances as they enhance the experience of the spectators. These aspects are mainly divided into two different parts, visual aspects, and non-visual aspects. Lighting, scenic setting, and costumes are summed up in visual aspects whereas sound is a non-visual aspect.


The most important element is the script in every performance. It is also referred to as text, The setting of the story, the conflicts of the characters, and most essentially the impact of the presentation are all decided on the strength of the script. A good script compiles a good story, especially where there is a progression of the characters, interesting dialogues, and scenes.

We hope next time you spectate any drama performance, you will definitely identify these key elements of theatre.


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