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Diverse theatre forms in India

As we celebrate the day which gave structure to the functionality of our nation irrespective of being diverse in so many aspects. India is a nation of cultural diversity and culture has a very close relationship with art. Especially when it comes to theatre, India has nurtured and flourished theatre in its own unique ways. Exactly like the diversity in our cultures, there is diversity in forms of theatre but the love for the theatre, acceptance, and respect towards all the art forms is what keeps the strength of theatre alive in these modern times. Here we will peek into the diverse theatre forms of India.

Traditional theatre

When we go back to the roots of theatre in India. We trace some really great mythological epics from Ramayana, Mahabharat, and Puranas. Puranic scriptures are not only the roots but also the heart of Indian theatre. It was in the 15th century when the rise occurred through Sanskrit scriptures where the epics were performed in the courts of the kingdoms and even for the people around to educate and inculcate values among people.

Regional Folk Theatre

The real magic of cultural diversity can be experienced through regional folk art. The costumes, colors, and music seem absolutely mesmerizing. The dedication of artists is another thing that needs to get applauded. Following are some highly celebrated forms.

  • Tamasha from Maharashtra

  • Bhavai from Gujarat

  • Yakshagana from Karnataka

  • Karyala from Himachal

  • Koodiyattam from Kerala

  • Saang from Rajasthan and UP

  • Bhand Pather from Kashmir

Pre-Independence Theatre

This was the time when stories that were not mythological or not based on heroic characters. It was mainly based on the hardships faced by common people during colonial rule. The modern theatre was born during this period. Rabindranath Tagore is considered a pioneer as he wrote some great scriptures which mainly focused on Nationalism.

Contemporary Theatre

This form of theatre is also known as modern theatre, Post-independence era was full of tragic stories with great values for humankind, it was the responsibility of every artist to shape the progressive thoughts in the minds of the masses. Our nation witnessed some great playwrights and their captivating stories in this era.

We believe that art should be cherished in each and every form. Theatre holds a huge contribution not only as an entertainment medium but also as a medium of communication. We wish that theatre as an art form flourishes and inspires many more generations.


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